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. 2007 Mar;11(2):343-54.
doi: 10.1007/s00792-006-0042-1. Epub 2006 Nov 23.

Proteomic Analysis of Psychrobacter Cryohalolentis K5 During Growth at Subzero Temperatures


Proteomic Analysis of Psychrobacter Cryohalolentis K5 During Growth at Subzero Temperatures

Corien Bakermans et al. Extremophiles. .


It is crucial to examine the physiological processes of psychrophiles at temperatures below 4 degrees C, particularly to facilitate extrapolation of laboratory results to in situ activity. Using two dimensional electrophoresis, we examined patterns of protein abundance during growth at 16, 4, and -4 degrees C of the eurypsychrophile Psychrobacter cryohalolentis K5 and report the first identification of cold inducible proteins (CIPs) present during growth at subzero temperatures. Growth temperature substantially reprogrammed the proteome; the relative abundance of 303 of the 618 protein spots detected (approximately 31% of the proteins at each growth temperature) varied significantly with temperature. Five CIPs were detected specifically at -4 degrees C; their identities (AtpF, EF-Ts, TolC, Pcryo_1988, and FecA) suggested specific stress on energy production, protein synthesis, and transport during growth at subzero temperatures. The need for continual relief of low-temperature stress on these cellular processes was confirmed via identification of 22 additional CIPs whose abundance increased during growth at -4 degrees C (relative to higher temperatures). Our data suggested that iron may be limiting during growth at subzero temperatures and that a cold-adapted allele was employed at -4 degrees C for transport of iron. In summary, these data suggest that low-temperature stresses continue to intensify as growth temperatures decrease to -4 degrees C.

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