Residue levels of chlorinated hydrocarbon compounds in water and sediment samples from Nile branches in the Delta, Egypt

J Environ Sci Health B. 1991 Feb;26(1):15-36. doi: 10.1080/03601239109372722.


Water and sediment samples were collected from eight different locations along the River Nile and its branches. Residues of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH's), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), DDT's, cyclodienes and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's) were analyzed by GLC. Data on Grand Total (GT) concentration values pointed out that Rosetta Branch was more polluted with all components than Demietta Branch. Kafr El-Ziate was the most polluted location showing 1355.8 ng/L for water and 7396.9 ng/g for sediments, while Delta Barrage was the least polluted site. The concentrations of gamma-HCH were higher than the other isomers (alpha- and beta-HCH) in all studied sites. The results showed that HCB was the smallest pollutant at all locations on comparison with other chlorinated hydrocarbons. El-Mansoura, Rosetta and Kafr El-Ziate sites contained the highest concentrations of DDT's in both water and sediment samples. P,P'-DDE was dominate in all locations of water samples, but P,P'-DDT was in sediment samples. Also, the results showed the prominent presence of cyclodienes when compared with the other OC's compounds in sediment samples, especially Aldrin. Kafr El-Ziate was the most polluted location by PCB's, particularly the Ar1242. However, there were increasing levels of chlorinated hydrocarbons in the sediment samples parallel to percentage extractable organic matter (% EOM). Sediment/water ratios were calculated for all locations.

MeSH terms

  • DDT / analysis
  • Egypt
  • Hexachlorobenzene / analysis
  • Hexachlorocyclohexane / analysis
  • Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated / analysis*
  • Insecticides / analysis*
  • Pesticide Residues / analysis*
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls / analysis
  • Soil Pollutants / analysis*
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*


  • Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated
  • Insecticides
  • Pesticide Residues
  • Soil Pollutants
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Hexachlorobenzene
  • Hexachlorocyclohexane
  • DDT
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls