Altered Extracellular Levels of DOPAC and HVA in the Rat Nucleus Accumbens Shell in Response to Sub-Chronic Nandrolone Administration and a Subsequent Amphetamine Challenge

Neurosci Lett. 2007 Jan 29;412(2):168-72. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2006.11.001. Epub 2006 Nov 22.


Associated with acts of violence and polydrug use, abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) is an increasing problem in society. The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether sub-chronic treatment with the AAS nandrolone decanoate affects dopamine release and dopamine metabolism in the rat nucleus accumbens shell, before and after an amphetamine challenge. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received daily i.m. injections of nandrolone decanoate (15 mg/kg) or vehicle for 14 days. On day 15, the animals were anaesthetized and a microdialysis probe was implanted into the nucleus accumbens shell. Extracellular fluid was collected 1h before and 3h after a single amphetamine injection (5 mg/kg). The samples were then analyzed regarding the content of dopamine, and its metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA), using HPLC with electrochemical detection. Two weeks of nandrolone decanoate administration caused a significant decrease of the basal DOPAC and HVA levels, which remained low during the first hour following the amphetamine challenge. Dopamine levels did not differ significantly between groups, neither after the nandrolone pre-treatment nor the amphetamine challenge. In conclusion, these novel findings indicate that AAS alter the metabolism of dopamine in a brain region involved in the development of drug dependence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid / metabolism*
  • Amphetamine / pharmacology*
  • Anabolic Agents / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Dopamine / metabolism*
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Down-Regulation / drug effects
  • Down-Regulation / physiology
  • Drug Interactions / physiology
  • Extracellular Fluid / drug effects
  • Extracellular Fluid / metabolism
  • Homovanillic Acid / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Microdialysis
  • Nandrolone / pharmacology*
  • Nucleus Accumbens / drug effects*
  • Nucleus Accumbens / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Substance-Related Disorders / metabolism
  • Substance-Related Disorders / physiopathology
  • Time Factors


  • Anabolic Agents
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
  • 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid
  • Nandrolone
  • Amphetamine
  • Dopamine
  • Homovanillic Acid