Objective: In recent years, the incidence of being overworked and burnt out has increased among general practitioners (GPs). One of the factors that influences the development of burnout is the job satisfaction that physicians experience. Therefore, we conducted a literature review to answer the question: what factors influence the job satisfaction experienced by GPs?
Methods: We used two methods to retrieve citations. We searched four literature databases for citations from 1990 until July 2006, and we checked the reference lists of relevant articles. The inclusion criteria were: GPs had to be the subjects of the study, the study had to describe empirical research, the study had to focus on job satisfaction, and the number of subjects had to be greater than 30.
Results: We found 24 relevant citations. Factors increasing job satisfaction which were mentioned more than twice were: diversity of work, relations and contact with colleagues, and being involved in teaching medical students. Factors decreasing job satisfaction were: low income, too many working hours, administrative burdens, heavy workload, lack of time, and lack of recognition.
Conclusion: Aspects of job satisfaction concerning the content of the profession seem to increase job satisfaction, and aspects concerning employment conditions seem to decrease job satisfaction.