Human calmodulin-like protein (CLP) is an epithelial-specific protein that is expressed during cell differentiation but down-regulated in primary cancers and transformed cell lines. Using stably transfected and inducible HeLa cell lines, we found that CLP expression did not alter the proliferation rate and colony-forming potential of these cells. However, remarkable phenotypic changes were observed in CLP-expressing compared with control cells. Soft agar colonies of CLP-expressing cells had rough boundaries, with peripheral cells migrating away from the colony. Cells expressing CLP displayed a striking increase in the number and length of myosin-10-positive filopodia and showed increased mobility in a wound healing assay. This increase in wound healing capacity was prevented by small interference RNA-mediated down-regulation of myosin-10. Fluorescence microscopy and Western blotting revealed that CLP expression results in up-regulation of its target protein, myosin-10. This up-regulation occurs at the protein level by stabilization of myosin-10. Thus, CLP functions by increasing the stability of myosin-10, leading to enhanced myosin-10 function and a subsequent increase in filopodial dynamics and cell migration. In stratified epithelia, CLP may be required during terminal differentiation to increase myosin-10 function as cells migrate toward the upper layers and establish new adhesive contacts.