Evaluation and treatment of medial collateral ligament and medial-sided injuries of the knee

Sports Med Arthrosc Rev. 2006 Jun;14(2):58-66. doi: 10.1097/01.jsa.0000212305.47323.58.


Injuries to the medial side of the knee are not always isolated injuries of the superficial medial collateral ligament. Medial-sided injuries can also involve the deep medial collateral ligament, the posteromedial corner, or the medial meniscus. Magnetic resonance imaging is a useful adjunct to the physical examination; however, the extent of medial-sided injuries is frequently underappreciated on these images. An understanding of the anatomy and biomechanics of the medial side of the knee and a thorough physical examination aids the physician in determining the full extent of injury and helping the physician to treat each unique injury pattern.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Humans
  • Knee / anatomy & histology
  • Knee / physiology
  • Knee Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Knee Injuries / physiopathology
  • Knee Injuries / therapy*
  • Ligaments, Articular / physiology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Medial Collateral Ligament, Knee / injuries*
  • Medial Collateral Ligament, Knee / physiology
  • Menisci, Tibial / physiology
  • Physical Examination