Spontaneous pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema in systemic sclerosis

Rheumatol Int. 2007 May;27(7):675-7. doi: 10.1007/s00296-006-0260-y. Epub 2006 Nov 30.


A 40-year-old woman with known systemic sclerosis presented with dyspnea. She had been treated for pneumonia, 2 months prior to the present admission and at this time presented with sudden dyspnea and was found to have a spontaneous pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema. Pneumomediastinum is an extremely rare complication in patients with systemic sclerosis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Dyspnea / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mediastinal Emphysema / diagnostic imaging
  • Mediastinal Emphysema / etiology*
  • Scleroderma, Systemic / complications*
  • Scleroderma, Systemic / diagnostic imaging
  • Subcutaneous Emphysema / diagnostic imaging
  • Subcutaneous Emphysema / etiology*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed