Recently developed sample preparation techniques employing microwave irradiation have enabled the comprehensive study of endogenous mammalian neuropeptides. These methods reduce interference from post-mortem protein degradation by deactivating proteases via heat denaturation. Alternatively, we have developed a protocol using cryostat dissection and a boiling extraction buffer to achieve a similar effect. This novel methodology greatly reduces post-mortem protein contamination and increases neuropeptide identification without the use of specialized equipment. In addition, a 2D HPLC scheme employing differential pH selectivity in the first and second dimensions has been used to enhance neuropeptidome coverage. By using our novel dissection protocol in tandem with 2D RP-RP HPLC, we were able to identify a total of 56 peptides from known neuropeptide precursors, including 17 previously unidentified peptides. The use of cryostat dissection and two-dimensional RP-RP HPLC enhances the detection of novel neuropeptides by deactivating proteases and reducing sample complexity.