Long-term EEG monitoring in the early premature: developmental and chronobiological aspects

Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1991 Aug;79(2):94-100. doi: 10.1016/0013-4694(91)90045-6.


Long-term cassette EEG monitoring in the neonatal intensive care unit has established prognostic criteria regarding the developmental outcome by quantifying seizure activity. The clinical significance of the organization of continuous and discontinuous EEG patterns in the early premature is still an open question. This report presents quantified EEG data from repeated 24 h records during the first week of life in premature infants (conceptional age less than 32 weeks) with and without ultrasound evidence of intracerebral hemorrhage. The repartition and evolution of EEG background activity is not a reliable parameter regarding pathology. The continuity index is rather a maturational variable and its ultradian fluctuation is an early expression of the "basic rest activity cycle" (BRAC) rhythm.

MeSH terms

  • Aging / physiology
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / physiopathology
  • Cerebral Ventricles
  • Chronobiology Phenomena
  • Electroencephalography*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature / growth & development
  • Infant, Premature / physiology*
  • Monitoring, Physiologic / methods*
  • Reference Values
  • Time Factors