Intensity of eccentric exercise, shift of optimum angle, and the magnitude of repeated-bout effect

J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007 Mar;102(3):992-9. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00425.2006. Epub 2006 Nov 30.


This study compared the effect of four different intensities of initial eccentric exercise (ECC1) on optimum angle shift and extent of muscle damage induced by subsequent maximal eccentric exercise. Fifty-two male students were placed into 100%, 80%, 60%, or 40% groups (n = 13 per group), performing 30 eccentric actions of the elbow flexors of 100%, 80%, 60%, or 40% of maximal isometric strength [maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)] for ECC1, followed 2-3 wk later by a similar exercise (ECC2) that used 100% MVC load. MVC at six elbow joint angles, range of motion, upper arm circumference, serum creatine kinase activity, myoglobin concentration, and muscle soreness were measured before and for 5 days following ECC1 and ECC2. A rightward shift of optimum angle following ECC1 was significantly (P < 0.05) greater for the 100% and 80% than for the 60% and 40% groups, and it decreased significantly (P < 0.05) from immediately to 5 days postexercise. By the time ECC2 was performed, only the 100% group kept a significant shift (4 degrees). Changes in most of the criterion measures following ECC1 were significantly greater for the 100% and 80% groups compared with the 60% and 40% groups. Changes in the criterion measures following ECC2 were significantly (P < 0.05) greater for the 40% group compared with other groups. Although the magnitude of repeated bout effect following ECC2 was significantly (P < 0.05) smaller for the 40% and 60% groups, all groups showed significantly (P < 0.05) reduced changes in criterion measures following ECC2 compared with the ECC1 100% bout. We conclude that the repeated-bout effect was not dependent on the shift of optimum angle.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Creatine Kinase / blood
  • Elbow Joint / physiology*
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Fatigue / physiology
  • Muscle Proteins / blood
  • Muscle Strength / physiology*
  • Myoglobin / blood
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology


  • Muscle Proteins
  • Myoglobin
  • Creatine Kinase