Multidrug-resistant organisms in cystic fibrosis: management and infection-control issues

Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2006 Oct;4(5):807-19. doi: 10.1586/14787210.4.5.807.


Chronic infection and inflammation are the hallmarks of cystic fibrosis lung disease. As cystic fibrosis patients are living longer owing to more intense treatment, multidrug-resistant organisms are being isolated increasingly from patients' respiratory tracts. While the adverse effects of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia cepacia complex are well described, less is known about the clinical significance of other emerging multidrug-resistant organisms, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. Owing to multiple mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance, these organisms are difficult to treat and often require combination antibiotic therapy. Until more is known about their pathogenicity and effect on clinical outcomes, physicians should be aware of the potential transmissibility of these organisms and implement adequate infection control strategies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacology
  • Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use
  • Cystic Fibrosis / drug therapy*
  • Cystic Fibrosis / microbiology
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Infection Control / methods*
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / drug therapy
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / microbiology


  • Anti-Infective Agents