In this study, the psychological effects of single-dose corticosteroids administered to patients who had undergone rhinoplasty were assessed. A total of 30 rhinoplasty patients were included in the study and were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups. Preoperatively, patients completed the Bech Rafaelsen Mania Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. Dexamethasone 10 mg was given intravenously just before surgery to the first group, but no medication was administered to the second group. On the first postoperative day, patients were seen again, and the Bech Rafaelsen Mania Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory were again completed. Periorbital edema and ecchymosis were graded, and psychological well-being was measured on a standard visual analog scale. All patients and physicians were blinded to treatment until the end of the study. Results show that administration of a single-dose of dexamethasone 10 mg caused neither euphoria nor depression. No significant differences were observed between steroid and control groups in terms of patients' psychological well-being. With single-dose dexamethasone, periorbital edema was significantly reduced on the first 2 postoperative days, and upper eyelid ecchymosis was significantly decreased only on the first postoperative day. However, reoperative steroid administration had no influence on ecchymosis of the lower eyelid. The authors conclude that single-dose dexamethasone 10 mg can be used safely to reduce periorbital edema and ecchymosis in rhinoplasty patients.