Insights into S100 target specificity examined by a new interaction between S100A11 and annexin A2

Biochemistry. 2006 Dec 12;45(49):14695-705. doi: 10.1021/bi061754e.


S100 proteins are a group of EF-hand calcium-signaling proteins, many of which interact with members of the calcium- and phospholipid-binding annexin family of proteins. This calcium-sensitive interaction enables two neighboring membrane surfaces, complexed to different annexin proteins, to be brought into close proximity for membrane reorganization, using the S100 protein as a bridging molecule. S100A11 and S100A10 are two members of the S100 family found to interact with the N-termini of annexins A1 and A2, respectively. Despite the high degree of structural similarity between these two complexes and the sequences of the peptides, earlier studies have shown that there is little or no cross-reactivity between these two S100s and the annexin peptides. In the current work the specificity and the affinity of the interaction of the N-terminal sequences of annexins A1 and A2 with Ca2+-S100A11 were investigated. Through the use of alanine-scanning peptide array experiments and NMR spectroscopy, an approximate 5-fold tighter interaction was identified between Ca2+-S100A11 and annexin A2 (approximately 3 microM) compared to annexin A1 (approximately 15 microM). Chemical shift mapping revealed that the binding site for annexin A2 on S100A11 was similar to that observed for the annexin A1 but with distinct differences involving the C-terminus of the annexin A2 peptide. In addition, kinetic measurements based on NMR titration data showed that annexin A2 binding to Ca2+-S100A11 occurs at a comparable rate (approximately 120 s(-1)) to that observed for membrane fusion processes such as endo- and exocytosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Annexin A1 / chemistry
  • Annexin A1 / metabolism
  • Annexin A2 / chemistry*
  • Annexin A2 / metabolism*
  • Binding Sites
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism
  • Protein Conformation
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • S100 Proteins / chemistry
  • S100 Proteins / genetics
  • S100 Proteins / metabolism*
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Annexin A1
  • Annexin A2
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • S100 Proteins
  • S100A11 protein, human
  • Calcium