Comparison of doxycycline and minocycline in the inhibition of VEGF-induced smooth muscle cell migration

Neurochem Int. 2007 Feb;50(3):524-30. doi: 10.1016/j.neuint.2006.10.008. Epub 2006 Dec 4.


Smooth muscle cell migration plays an important role during angiogenesis and vascular remodeling. In this study, we examined the effects of doxycycline and minocycline on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced human aortic smooth muscle cell (HASMCs) migration, and explored the mechanisms in which doxycycline or minocycline inhibit HASMC migration. We demonstrated that both doxycycline and minocycline attain consistent anti-angiogenic effects in the inhibition of HASMC migration via a different signal pathway (p<0.05). This effect is through attenuating VEGF-induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activity (p<0.05). Doxycycline could increase tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) expression while minocycline down-regulated PI3K/Akt phosphorylation in HASMC. Our study suggests that doxycycline has a stronger ability to inhibit MMP secretion in HASMC by up-regulating endogenous MMPs inhibitor TIMP-1, while minocycline implements anti-angiogenic effect through inhibiting HASMC migration by down-regulating PI3K/Akt pathway.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Movement / drug effects*
  • Cell Movement / physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA Primers
  • Doxycycline / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / genetics
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / genetics
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors
  • Minocycline / pharmacology*
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / cytology*
  • Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 / metabolism
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / physiology


  • DNA Primers
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors
  • Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Inhibitors
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
  • Minocycline
  • Doxycycline