Recurrent endometrial cancer: patterns of recurrent disease and assessment of prognosis

Clin Radiol. 2007 Jan;62(1):28-34; discussion 35-6. doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2006.06.015.


Aim: To evaluate patterns of disease and identify factors predicting outcome in patients presenting with recurrent endometrial adenocarcinoma following primary surgery.

Materials and methods: A retrospective review was performed of the imaging and clinical data in 86 patients (median age 66 years, range 42-88 years) presenting with recurrent endometrial adenocarcinoma following primary surgery.

Results: Following primary surgery recurrent disease occurred within 2 years in 64% and within 3 years in 87%. Relapse was seen within lymph nodes in 41 (46%), the vagina in 36 (42%) the peritoneum in 24 (28%) and the lung in 21 (24%). Unusual sites of disease included spleen, pancreas, rectum, muscle and brain. Univariate survival analysis showed the factors significant for poor outcome were: multiple sites of disease, liver and splenic disease, haematogenous, peritoneal and nodal spread, poorly differentiated tumour, and early relapse. The presence of disease within the vagina, bladder or lung was not associated with poor prognosis. Multivariate analysis identified multiple sites of disease, liver and splenic metastases to be independent predictors of poor outcome.

Conclusion: The most frequently observed sites of relapse are: lymph nodes, vagina, peritoneum and lung. Significant predictors of poor outcome in recurrent disease are multiple sites of disease and liver and splenic metastases.

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Adenocarcinoma / surgery
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy
  • Liver Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Liver Neoplasms / secondary
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung Neoplasms / secondary
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnostic imaging*
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnostic imaging*
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / surgery
  • Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Splenic Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Splenic Neoplasms / secondary
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*
  • Vaginal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Vaginal Neoplasms / secondary