Men with chronic occupational stress benefit from behavioural/psycho-educational group training: a randomized, prospective, controlled trial

Psychol Med. 2007 Aug;37(8):1141-9. doi: 10.1017/S0033291706009445. Epub 2006 Dec 6.


Background: Overworking is one of the most frequent stressors. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of behavioural/psycho-educational group training in men who are chronically stressed from overworking.

Method: Of 72 male subjects, 36 were randomly assigned to training for 8 weeks and another 36 formed the control group, which received a placebo intervention. Primary outcome measures were systolic blood pressure, salivary cortisol concentration upon awakening, and self-reported changes on the scales of the Trier Inventory for the Assessment of Chronic Stress (TICS), the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI) and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36).

Results: A significant reduction in mean values was observed in daily systolic blood pressure and salivary cortisol concentration on all the TICS and most of the STAXI and SF-36 scales.

Conclusions: Behavioural/psycho-educational group training appears to be effective in the treatment of men suffering from chronic stress due to overworking.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological / physiology
  • Adult
  • Anger
  • Arousal / physiology
  • Behavior Therapy*
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Hydrocortisone / blood
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Personality Inventory
  • Psychotherapy, Group*
  • Quality of Life / psychology
  • Saliva
  • Stress, Psychological / complications*
  • Stress, Psychological / physiopathology
  • Workload / psychology*


  • Hydrocortisone