Factors that affect academic performance among pharmacy students

Am J Pharm Educ. 2006 Oct 15;70(5):104. doi: 10.5688/aj7005104.


Objective: The objective of this study was to examine factors such as academic competence, test competence, time management, strategic studying, and test anxiety, and identify whether these factors could distinguish differences among students, based on academic performance and enrollment in the experiential program.

Methods: A cross-sectional study design utilizing questionnaires measuring previously validated constructs was used to evaluate the effect of these factors on students with low and high cumulative grade point averages (GPAs). Pharmacy students (N = 198) enrolled at the University of Houston participated in the study.

Results: Academic performance was significantly associated with factors such as academic competence and test competence. Students with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or greater significantly differed in their level of test competence than those with a GPA of less than 3.0. Students enrolled in their experiential year differed from students enrolled in their second year of curriculum on factors such as test anxiety, academic competence, test competence, and time management skills.

Conclusion: Test competence was an important factor to distinguish students with low vs. high academic performance. Factors such as academic competence, test competence, test anxiety and time management improve as students' progress in their experiential year.

MeSH terms

  • Achievement*
  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Educational Measurement* / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Students, Pharmacy* / psychology
  • Test Anxiety Scale