Clear not simple: an approach to community consultation for a maternal pneumococcal vaccine trial among Indigenous women in the Northern Territory of Australia

Vaccine. 2007 Mar 22;25(13):2385-8. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2006.09.005. Epub 2006 Sep 20.


PneuMum is a randomised controlled maternal vaccination trial, using 23-valent Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (23vPPV) during the third trimester or at delivery compared to vaccination at 7 months post delivery. The primary outcomes are infant middle ear disease and nasopharyngeal pneumococcal carriage at 7 months of age. PneuMum is the first vaccine trial to be conducted among Indigenous people in the Northern Territory. We describe the study design and the approach taken to develop the PneuMum message in collaboration with key Indigenous stakeholders and then to communicate the PneuMum message with Indigenous communities and potential participants. We hope that these methods will provide a model for future research involving Indigenous communities to ensure Indigenous involvement in research and ultimate improvements in Indigenous health.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Carrier State / immunology
  • Carrier State / microbiology
  • Carrier State / prevention & control
  • Community-Institutional Relations*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Maternally-Acquired / immunology
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Maternal Welfare
  • Nasopharynx / microbiology
  • Northern Territory
  • Oceanic Ancestry Group*
  • Otitis Media / immunology
  • Otitis Media / microbiology
  • Otitis Media / prevention & control
  • Pneumococcal Infections / ethnology*
  • Pneumococcal Infections / immunology
  • Pneumococcal Infections / prevention & control
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines / immunology
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines / therapeutic use*
  • Pregnancy
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / isolation & purification


  • 23-valent pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines