Latent variable analysis of coping, anxiety/depression, and somatic symptoms in adolescents with chronic pain

J Consult Clin Psychol. 2006 Dec;74(6):1132-42. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.74.6.1132.


Reports of adolescents' coping with recurrent pain, symptoms of anxiety/depression, and somatic complaints were obtained from a sample of 164 adolescents with recurrent abdominal pain and their parents. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that coping consisted of 3 nonorthogonal factors: Primary Control Engagement Coping (problem solving, emotional expression, and emotional regulation), Secondary Control Engagement Coping (positive thinking, cognitive restructuring, acceptance, and distraction), and Disengagement Coping (denial, avoidance, and wishful thinking). Structural equation modeling using latent variables revealed that secondary control engagement coping predicted lower levels of anxiety/depression symptoms and somatic complaints, and disengagement coping was related to higher levels of anxiety/depression and somatic complaints. Implications for understanding child and adolescent coping with pain are highlighted.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Pain / etiology
  • Abdominal Pain / psychology*
  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adolescent
  • Anxiety / diagnosis
  • Anxiety / psychology*
  • Child
  • Chronic Disease
  • Defense Mechanisms
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Male
  • Personality Assessment / statistics & numerical data
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
  • Psychometrics
  • Recurrence
  • Sick Role
  • Somatoform Disorders / diagnosis
  • Somatoform Disorders / psychology*