Coherence length of cold exciton gases in coupled quantum wells

Phys Rev Lett. 2006 Nov 3;97(18):187402. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.187402. Epub 2006 Oct 31.


A Mach-Zehnder interferometer with spatial and spectral resolution was used to probe spontaneous coherence in cold exciton gases, which are implemented experimentally in the ring of indirect excitons in coupled quantum wells. A strong enhancement of the exciton coherence length is observed at temperatures below a few Kelvin. The increase of the coherence length is correlated with the macroscopic spatial ordering of excitons. The coherence length at the lowest temperature corresponds to a very narrow spread of the exciton momentum distribution, much smaller than that for a classical exciton gas.