In the present work, we have studied the kinetic properties of the catalytic domain of CtBP1, a co-repressor belonging to the d-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase family and known to reduce pyruvate in the presence of NADH. CtBP1 acted on a variety of alpha-keto acids, for which it displayed biphasic curves with inhibition at elevated concentrations, as observed with other dehydrogenases of the same family. Based on catalytic efficiencies, the best substrate was 2-keto-4-methylthiobutyrate, an intermediate of the methionine salvage pathway. It was about 20-fold better than 2-ketoisocaproate and glyoxylate, and 80-fold better than pyruvate. From these data we conclude that 2-keto-4-methylthiobutyrate may be an important regulator of CtBP activity, possibly linking gene repression to the activity of the methionine salvage and spermine synthesis pathways.