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Review
, 18 (1), 9-12

Is Cataract Surgery a Risk Factor for Progression of Macular Degeneration?

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Review

Is Cataract Surgery a Risk Factor for Progression of Macular Degeneration?

Jignesh I Patel. Curr Opin Ophthalmol.

Abstract

Purpose of review: There is a suggestion of increased risk or progression of age-related macular degeneration after cataract surgery, which is related to the increased exposure of the retina to short-wavelength light.

Recent findings: Cell culture and animal work has described retinal and retinal pigment epithelium phototoxicity on acute light exposure. Clinical studies suggest that the use of short-wavelength-blocking intraocular lenses can help but may also affect visual function and circadian rhythm.

Summary: Evidence to date fails to prove conclusively that light alone or cataract surgery can induce or cause the progression of age-related macular degeneration. A randomized clinical study of the use of short-wavelength (blue)-blocking lenses to prove or disprove the ability of these intraocular lenses to help in preventing progression of age-related macular degeneration is needed.

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