Aspects of mTOR biology and the use of mTOR inhibitors in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

Cancer Treat Rev. 2007 Feb;33(1):78-84. doi: 10.1016/j.ctrv.2006.10.004. Epub 2006 Dec 11.

Abstract

The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a large and highly conserved kinase that integrates growth factor stimulation, energy and nutrient availability to modulate translation of proteins responsible for cellular growth and proliferation. Its importance in malignant cells provides strong rationale for the development of mTOR inhibitors (mTORi) in a broad variety of solid tumors and hematological malignancies. However several questions regarding mTOR biology and its interaction with pharmacological inhibitors remain unanswered and are relevant for further development of this novel family of cancer drugs. Nevertheless, mTORi have demonstrated activity in lymphoma cells either alone or in combination with cytotoxic agents. The most promising results have been seen in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), likely because of its dependence on Cyclin D, the translation of which is largely regulated by mTOR activity. The currently knowledge of mTOR biology will here be reviewed along with the status of clinical development of mTORi in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / pharmacology*
  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use
  • Cyclin D1 / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell / drug therapy
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy*
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Protein Kinases / drug effects*
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Sirolimus / analogs & derivatives
  • Sirolimus / pharmacology*
  • Sirolimus / therapeutic use
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases

Substances

  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Cyclin D1
  • temsirolimus
  • Protein Kinases
  • MTOR protein, human
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Sirolimus