Mortality by deprivation and cause of death in England and Wales, 1999-2003

Health Stat Q. 2006 Winter;(32):19-34.


The relationship between deprivation and mortality is long established and many studies report higher death rates in more deprived areas. This article examines recent patterns of mortality and deprivation and illustrates these for leading causes of death. Results are considered by age group, sex and region. Mortality rates increased with deprivation for both sexes but the relationship was generally stronger for males. The strongest positive relationships with deprivation were mostly found for smoking-related causes. Those living in the least deprived areas had similar mortality rates, independent of region. There was more geographical variation in mortality for those in the most deprived areas with highest rates generally in the north.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cause of Death*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • England / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mortality
  • Poverty / statistics & numerical data*
  • Poverty Areas
  • Risk Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Wales / epidemiology