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, 15 (4), 1802-7

Synthesis and in Vivo Evaluation of [18F]-4-[5-(4-methylphenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamide as a PET Imaging Probe for COX-2 Expression

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Synthesis and in Vivo Evaluation of [18F]-4-[5-(4-methylphenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamide as a PET Imaging Probe for COX-2 Expression

Jaya Prabhakaran et al. Bioorg Med Chem.

Abstract

Synthesis of [18F]4-[5-(4-methylphenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamide ([18F]celecoxib), a selective COX-2 inhibitor, is achieved via a bromide to [18F]F- exchange reaction. Synthesis of the precursor for radiolabeling was achieved from 4'-methylacetophenone in four steps with 22% overall yield. Under non-radioactive conditions, fluorination was achieved using TBAF in DMSO at 135 degrees C in 80% yield. Synthesis of [18F]celecoxib was achieved using [18F]TBAF in DMSO at 135 degrees C in 10+/-2% yield (EOS) with >99% chemical and radiochemical purities. The specific activity was 120+/-40 mCi/micromol (EOB). [18F]celecoxib was found to be stable in ethanol, however, de[18F]fluorination (6.5%) was observed after 4 h in 10% ethanol-saline solution. Rodent PET studies show bone labeling indicating in vivo de[18F]fluorination of [18F]celecoxib. PET studies in baboon indicated a lower rate of de[18F]fluorination than rat and retention of radioactivity in brain regions consistent with the known distribution of COX-2. A radiolabeling method that can generate consistent high specific activity is needed for routine human use.

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