Purpose: Variants in the complement factor H (CFH) gene have been reported to be associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We conducted a case-control association study to investigate the association of 6 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CFH with exudative AMD in the Chinese population.
Methods: We recruited 163 cases and 244 controls, all ethnic Chinese, with complete ophthalmic examination including fundus investigation. Cigarette smoking was recorded. Six SNPs (dbSNP ID: rs3753394, rs800292, rs1061147, rs1061170, rs380390, and rs1329428) in the CFH gene were genotyped by Taqman assays.
Results: Y402H (1277 T>C) has low frequencies in our study population, 5.8% in patients and 3.9% in controls. It was not associated with exudative AMD adjusted for age, gender and smoking. Significant associations were detected for AMD with rs3753394 (p=0.003, p(corr)=0.018), rs800292 (p=0.00053, p(corr)=0.0032), and rs1329428 (p=0.00092, p(corr)=0.0028), p(corr) values obtained after adjustment for multicomparison. A haplotype containing these four SNPs (TGTC) was found to confer a significantly increased likelihood of exudative AMD with an odds ratio of 1.68 (95% CI: 1.26-2.23) p=0.0003 (p(corr)=0.0026 after correction by permutation test). Logistic regression analysis detected no interactions between the SNPs and age, gender or smoking.
Conclusions: We have found differences in the association between the CFH gene and exudative AMD in Chinese from Caucasians and Japanese. We detected SNP rs3753394 in the CFH promoter carrying a significantly increased risk for exudative AMD.