Background: Samarium Sm 153 lexidronam (Sm-153) is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for painful bone metastases. The purpose of the analysis was to assess the safety and efficacy of repeated doses of Sm-153 in patients with metastatic bone pain.
Methods: Data were collected prospectively for 202 patients administered 1.0 mCi/kg of Sm-153. Particular emphasis was placed on analysis of data from 55 patients receiving > or = 2 doses. Pain scores, adverse events, and hematologic parameters were assessed after each dose.
Results: Mild, transient suppression of platelets and white blood cell counts was the most common adverse event after treatment. Nadirs were approximately half of baseline at 4 weeks after dosing with recovery by Week 8 in 90% of patients. Temporary grade 3 thrombocytopenia occurred in 11%, 12%, and 17% of patients after the first, second, and third drug administration, respectively. Grade 3 leukopenia occurred in less than 7% of patients independent of the number of administrations. Significant decreases in pain scores (P < .001) were observed at Week 4 after each of the first 3 doses and maintained at Week 8 after the first 2 doses (P < .003) but not the third. Decreases in pain scores were observed in 70%, 63%, and 80% of patients, respectively, at Week 4 after the first 3 administrations.
Conclusions: Repeated dosing of 1.0 mCi/kg of Sm-153 was both safe and effective and is a reasonable treatment option in patients whose bone pain responds and then recurs after an initial dose provided that adequate hematologic function is present at the time of drug administration.
(c) 2007 American Cancer Society.