Regulation of CXCR4 signaling

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2007 Apr;1768(4):952-63. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2006.11.002. Epub 2006 Nov 10.


The chemokine receptor CXCR4 belongs to the large superfamily of G protein-coupled receptors, and is directly involved in a number of biological processes including organogenesis, hematopoiesis, and immune response. Recent evidence has highlighted the role of CXCR4 in a variety of diseases including HIV, cancer, and WHIM syndrome. Importantly, the involvement of CXCR4 in cancer metastasis and WHIM syndrome appears to be due to dysregulation of the receptor leading to enhanced signaling. Herein we review what is currently known regarding the regulation of CXCR4 and how dysregulation contributes to disease progression.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Receptors, CXCR4 / genetics
  • Receptors, CXCR4 / metabolism*
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / genetics
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction*


  • Receptors, CXCR4
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled