[A peculiar speech disorder due to bomb injury of the brain]

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2006 Dec 14;126(24):3311-3.
[Article in Norwegian]

Abstract

Oslo was bombed by British bombers 6 September 1941, and a 28-year-old woman was hit on the head by a bomb fragment. She was seriously wounded with a large defect in the cranium frontally on the left side, and it was believed that she was not going to survive. She was unconscious for 3-4 days, and when she woke up she had right-sided hemiplegia and complete aphasia. She gradually recovered, and two months later she was discharged from hospital. Remarkably, the brain damage had altered her melody of language, and she spoke with a German-like accent. This led to problems for her during the war: she was for example not served in shops. The case story was published after the war by the Norwegian neurologist Georg Herman Monrad-Krohn (1884-1964), and it is the best known case of the so-called foreign accent syndrome. In this paper, this rare syndrome is presented, emphasising Monrad-Krohn's patient and based on his writings and the patient's medical record.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aphasia, Broca / etiology
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / complications
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / diagnostic imaging
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / etiology*
  • Explosive Agents / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language
  • Radiography
  • Speech Disorders / etiology*
  • Speech Production Measurement
  • Syndrome
  • Verbal Behavior
  • Warfare

Substances

  • Explosive Agents