Background: Pivotal study data examining carotid stenting with embolic protection as a less invasive alternative to endarterectomy for high surgical risk patients have been acquired under controlled conditions with highly selected physicians and hospitals. This report examines outcomes of carotid stenting post-approval after diffusion of this technology to a broader cross-section of physicians and hospitals.
Methods: The Carotid Acculink/Accunet Post-Approval Trial to Uncover Unanticipated or Rare Events (CAPTURE) is a prospective, multi-center registry to assess two important aspects of the post-IDE experience: the safety of carotid stenting by physicians with varying levels of experience as a measure of the adequacy of physician training, and the identification of rare/unexpected device-related complications. The primary endpoint was a composite of death, any stroke, or myocardial infarction within 30 days post-procedure.
Results: 3,500 patients were enrolled by 353 physicians at 144 sites. The 30-day primary endpoint event rate was 6.3% (95% CI: 5.5-7.1%) and did not differ among the three operator experience levels (5.3%, 6.0%, and 7.4%; P = 0.31) from most to least experienced, respectively. There were no differences in outcomes among physician specialties when adjusted for case mix. There were no unanticipated device related adverse events.
Conclusions: The results of the CAPTURE study compare favorably to those achieved in the predicate pivotal investigations, and suggest that the post-approval transfer of this new therapy to the community practice setting via carotid stent training programs is effective in preparing physicians with varying experience levels and specialty training backgrounds.
(c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.