The Drosophila RASSF homolog antagonizes the hippo pathway

Curr Biol. 2006 Dec 19;16(24):2459-65. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2006.10.060.

Abstract

Correct organ size is determined by the balance between cell death and proliferation. Perturbation of this delicate balance leads to cancer formation . Hippo (Hpo), the Drosophila ortholog of MST1 and MST2 (Mammalian Sterile 20-like 1 and 2) is a key regulator of a signaling pathway that controls both cell death and proliferation . This pathway is so far composed of two Band 4.1 proteins, Expanded (Ex) and Merlin (Mer), two serine/threonine kinases, Hpo and Warts (Wts), the scaffold proteins Salvador (Sav) and Mats, and the transcriptional coactivator Yorkie (Yki). It has been proposed that Ex and Mer act upstream of Hpo, which in turn phosphorylates and activates Wts. Wts phosphorylates Yki and thus inhibits its activity and reduces expression of Yki target genes such as the caspase inhibitor DIAP1 and the micro RNA bantam. However, the mechanisms leading to Hpo activation are still poorly understood. In mammalian cells, members of the Ras association family (RASSF) of tumor suppressors have been shown to bind to MST1 and modulate its activity . In this study, we show that the Drosophila RASSF ortholog (dRASSF) restricts Hpo activity by competing with Sav for binding to Hpo. In addition, we observe that dRASSF also possesses a tumor-suppressor function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Size / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism
  • Drosophila Proteins / genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins / metabolism*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / anatomy & histology
  • Drosophila melanogaster / metabolism*
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Mutation
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism

Substances

  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • RASSF protein, Drosophila
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • sav protein, Drosophila
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • hpo protein, Drosophila