Neuroimaging strategies for three types of Horner syndrome with emphasis on anatomic location

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Jan;188(1):W74-81. doi: 10.2214/AJR.05.1588.


Objective: The purposes of this study were to review the anatomy of the oculosympathetic pathway, to describe the clinical characteristics of the three types of Horner syndrome, and to illustrate underlying pathologic features with an emphasis on neuroimaging strategies based on three symptom complexes.

Conclusion: Horner syndrome results from interruption of the oculosympathetic pathway and is usually associated with unique clinical features classified into central, preganglionic, and postganglionic types according to the anatomic location of the underlying pathologic process.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Horner Syndrome / classification*
  • Horner Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Spinal Cord / diagnostic imaging*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*