Impact of simple interventions on neonatal mortality in a low-resource teaching hospital in India

J Perinatol. 2007 Jan;27(1):44-9. doi: 10.1038/


Objective: To evaluate impact of simple interventions on neonatal mortality in a low-resource teaching hospital in India.

Study design: Before-and-after intervention trial setting: limited resource teaching hospital;

Design: Before and after study.

Interventions: A package of simple interventions was evolved. The interventions included: rational admissions and early discharge, entrusting mothers in care-giving, enforcing asepsis routines, aggressive enteral feeding, abandoning unnecessary interventions, protocol-based management, rational antibiotics and training and empowerment of nurses.

Statistical methods: The categorical and continuous variables were compared with chi (2) and two-tailed tests, respectively.

Results: Neonatal mortality rate declined significantly during the intervention period as compared to control period (20.3 versus 29.3 per 1000 live births; relative risk 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.57 to 0.85). Most significant decline occurred in sepsis-related deaths. The survival of neonates with birth weight 1000 to 1499 improved over two folds (56.7% versus 24.5%, P<0.01). There was a significant decline in antibiotics use (635/878, 72.3% versus 299/897, 23.2%; P=0.00). The duration of stay in neonatal unit was decreased by a mean of 1.5 day (95% CI 0.9 to 2.8 days) after interventions.

Conclusions: Simple interventions can result in a significant decline in neonatal mortality in hospitals with limited resources. This package is likely to be effective in hospitals with a high proportion of the sepsis deaths.

MeSH terms

  • Hospital Mortality*
  • Hospitals, Teaching
  • Humans
  • India
  • Infant Care
  • Infant Mortality*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal