Cigarette and nargileh smoking practices among school students in Beirut, Lebanon

Am J Health Behav. Jan-Feb 2007;31(1):56-63. doi: 10.5555/ajhb.2007.31.1.56.


Objectives: To determine the prevalence and predictors of smoking nargileh and/or cigarettes among school students in Greater Beirut, Lebanon.

Methods: A proportionate random sample of 2443 students from 13 public and private schools was selected and asked to complete self-administered anonymous questionnaires.

Results: The prevalence of smoking cigarettes only, nargileh only, and both was 2.5%, 25.6%, and 6.3%, respectively. Stepwise regression analyses revealed that the predictors of smoking for either type are different, whereby nargileh smoking is more culturally accepted than cigarette smoking.

Conclusions: Design interventions to increase awareness towards the hazards of the misconceived harmless effects of nargileh smoking.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Lebanon
  • Life Style
  • Male
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking / ethnology
  • Social Facilitation
  • Social Values
  • Students / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / epidemiology*
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / ethnology