F(ab')2 segment is the active component of immunoglobulin G autoantibody generation in patients with endometriosis

Fertil Steril. 1991 Nov;56(5):900-3.


Objective: To determine if the low titer antiendometrial antibody detection by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) in the sera of patients with endometriosis is because of specific antigen-antibody interactions.

Design: Sera of selected patients subjected to separation of immunoglobulin fragments by ammonium sulfate precipitation and pepsin digestion and tested by IIF. In a comparative method, a fragment, crystallizable (Fc) flooding technique was used to determine the active component.

Setting: Sera obtained preoperatively in the outpatient and results matched with surgical findings.

Patients/participants: Patients 45 years of age or less presenting for gynecological surgery who had signed an informed consent for the drawing of preoperative blood.

Interventions: None.

Main outcome measures: Indirect immunofluorescence was graded according to the intensity of staining and the lowest dilution at which staining occurred.

Results: All of the sera of the 11 patients with endometriosis exhibited F(ab')2 specific staining but none exhibited Fc fragment staining. None of the 7 control patients displayed F(ab')2 or Fc fragment staining.

Conclusions: F(ab')2 fragment is the active component of an immunologically specific interaction when antiendometrial antibodies are detected in the sera of patients with endometriosis.

MeSH terms

  • Antibody Formation
  • Autoantibodies / immunology*
  • Endometriosis / immunology*
  • Endometriosis / pathology
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments / analysis
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments / immunology*
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology*
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Staining and Labeling
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Autoantibodies
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments
  • Immunoglobulin G