Association between adult and childhood socioeconomic status and prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in African Americans: the Pitt County Study

Am J Public Health. 2007 Feb;97(2):234-6. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2006.087429. Epub 2006 Dec 28.


We evaluated the association between socioeconomic status (SES) during childhood and adulthood and prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in African Americans. Higher adult educational status and adult skilled occupation were protective against the metabolic syndrome, but no associations were found between the metabolic syndrome and other SES variables. Differences by gender were observed. Improving access to education among African Americans could reduce risk for the metabolic syndrome, but more research is needed in minority populations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Black or African American / statistics & numerical data*
  • Child
  • Educational Status
  • Employment
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / economics
  • Hypertension / ethnology
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / economics*
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Metabolic Syndrome / ethnology*
  • Middle Aged
  • North Carolina / epidemiology
  • Poisson Distribution
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Social Class*