The Ndc80/HEC1 Complex Is a Contact Point for Kinetochore-Microtubule Attachment

Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2007 Jan;14(1):54-9. doi: 10.1038/nsmb1186. Epub 2006 Dec 31.

Abstract

Kinetochores are multicomponent assemblies that connect chromosomal centromeres to mitotic-spindle microtubules. The Ndc80 complex is an essential core element of kinetochores, conserved from yeast to humans. It is a rod-like assembly of four proteins- Ndc80p (HEC1 in humans), Nuf2p, Spc24p and Spc25p. We describe here the crystal structure of the most conserved region of HEC1, which lies at one end of the rod and near the N terminus of the polypeptide chain. It folds into a calponin-homology domain, resembling the microtubule-binding domain of the plus-end-associated protein EB1. We show that an Ndc80p-Nuf2p heterodimer binds microtubules in vitro. The less conserved, N-terminal segment of Ndc80p contributes to the interaction and may be a crucial regulatory element. We propose that the Ndc80 complex forms a direct link between kinetochore core components and spindle microtubules.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Aurora Kinases
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Dimerization
  • Humans
  • Kinetochores / metabolism*
  • Microtubules / metabolism*
  • Microtubules / ultrastructure
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multiprotein Complexes / chemistry
  • Multiprotein Complexes / metabolism
  • Nuclear Proteins / chemistry*
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Spindle Apparatus

Substances

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • NDC80 protein, S cerevisiae
  • NDC80 protein, human
  • NUF2 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Aurora Kinases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases

Associated data

  • PDB/2IGP