Parental Recognition of Developmental Problems in Toddlers With Autism Spectrum Disorders

J Autism Dev Disord. 2007 Jan;37(1):62-72. doi: 10.1007/s10803-006-0330-8. Epub 2006 Dec 30.

Abstract

Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) begin to manifest during the first 2 years; there is limited evidence regarding type and timing of symptom onset. We examined factors related to parental age of recognition (AOR) of early abnormalities and the association between AOR and diagnosis and levels of functioning at 2 and 4 years in 75 toddlers with ASD. Results suggest significant differences between autism and PDD-NOS in the AOR and type of first concerns. Early social and motor delays as well as maternal age was associated with AOR. Later AOR was associated with poorer social-communicative and nonverbal cognitive functioning at 2 and 4. The findings are discussed in a context of identifying distinct developmental trajectories within the autism spectrum.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Autistic Disorder / epidemiology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cognition Disorders / diagnosis
  • Cognition Disorders / epidemiology
  • Developmental Disabilities / diagnosis*
  • Developmental Disabilities / epidemiology*
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / methods*
  • Parents*
  • Recognition, Psychology*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Social Behavior