Aim: To assess and compare health status among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients presenting for treatment in six countries and in two healthcare settings using a generic health status instrument.
Methods: A population based cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2703 patients and their physicians (1381 in primary and 1322 in specialty care) in five EU countries and the USA. Information was collected on demographic and clinical characteristics, exacerbations and health status estimated using EQ-5D.
Results: The mean EQ-5D score for COPD patients was similar between primary and specialty settings in all countries except Italy. Approximately, half of the patients indicated some impairment in health status on mobility, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression domains of EQ-5D. Approximately, 5% of patients in EU countries except UK had health status valued as worse than death based on valuations of the general population. Patients suffering from severe breathlessness, experiencing > or =3 exacerbations in the previous year, categorised as severe according to GOLD criteria, and experiencing day-time and night-time symptoms had significantly impaired health status.
Conclusion: COPD patients classified as moderate/severe in clinical practice have worse health status compared to mild patients. This impairment is similar in primary and specialty setting across western countries.