Purpose: To evaluate whether treatment with travoprost, an F2a prostaglandin analog, affects central corneal thickness (CCT) and whether intraocular pressure (IOP) response to the medication is related to baseline CCT.
Methods: This was a prospective, interventional, nonrandomized, nonconsecutive, clinical trial. In this multicenter study, 379 total patients, 220 with newly or previously diagnosed open-angle glaucoma (OAG), 141 with ocular hypertension (OHT), and 18 unspecified, were recruited from 15 Canadian sites. IOP and CCT assessments were performed at baseline and 6 weeks after treatment with travoprost. Patients on IOP-lowering therapy at the time of enrollment were washed out for 4 weeks before baseline examinations. IOP was measured with Goldmann tonometers and CCT with Accutome IV pachymeters. Statistical analysis was performed with S-PLUS software.
Results: Posttherapy mean IOP decreased by 6.31 mm Hg or 24.4% (P < 0.001), and regression analysis indicated relatively greater IOP reduction in patients with higher pretherapy IOP (slope = 0.64; 95% CI, 0.54-0.76). Mean CCT decreased by 6.9 microm (P < 0.001). IOP reduction was not related to CCT reduction (slope = 0.253; 95% CI, -0.232 to 0.739; P = 0.305). Percent IOP decrease was not related to baseline CCT (slope = -0.02; 95% CI, -0.06 to 00.02; P = 0.33) in the total study sample. When OHT and OAG groups were considered separately, the OAG patients had less percent IOP decrease with thicker baseline CCT (slope = -0.067; 95% CI, -0.13 to -0.004; P = 0.037).
Conclusions: Treatment with travoprost decreased IOP significantly and was associated with CCT thinning, which had little or no effect on actual IOP decrease. In the OAG group, IOP decrease was found to be statistically smaller in patients with thicker corneas.