Tumor cell transendothelial passage in the absorbing lymphatic vessel of transgenic adenocarcinoma mouse prostate

Am J Pathol. 2007 Jan;170(1):334-46. doi: 10.2353/ajpath.2007.060447.

Abstract

The distribution and fine structure of the tumor-associated absorbing lymphatic vessel in the tumor mass of prostate adenocarcinoma and of seminal vesicle metastasis in transgenic mice was studied for the purpose of understanding the modality of tumor cell transendothelial passage from the extravasal matrix into the lymphatic vessel. In the tumor mass, two main cell populations were identified: stromal tumor cells and the invasive phenotype tumor (IPT) cells, having characteristics such as a highly electron-dense matrix rich in small granules lacking a dense core and massed nuclear chromatin, which is positive to immunostaining with anti-SV40 large T antigen antibody. Based on the ultrastructural pictures of different moments of the IPT cell transendothelial passage by ultrathin serial sections of the tumor-associated absorbing lymphatic vessel, the manner of its transendothelial passage through the intraendothelial channel, without involving intercellular contacts, was demonstrated. The presence of IPT cells in the parenchyma of satellite lymph node highlights its significant role in metastatic diffusion. The intraendothelial channel is the reply to the lack of knowledge regarding the intravasation of the tumor cell into the lymphatic circulation. The lymphatic endothelium would organize this channel on the basis of tumor cell-endothelial cell-extravasal matrix molecular interactions, which are as yet unidentified.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / metabolism
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology*
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / metabolism
  • Cell Communication
  • Cell Movement*
  • Cytoplasmic Granules / pathology
  • Endothelium, Lymphatic / pathology
  • Endothelium, Lymphatic / ultrastructure
  • Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology*
  • Lymphatic Metastasis / ultrastructure
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Nude
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Seminal Vesicles / pathology
  • Stromal Cells / pathology

Substances

  • Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming