The lactoperoxidase system links anion transport to host defense in cystic fibrosis

FEBS Lett. 2007 Jan 23;581(2):271-8. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2006.12.025. Epub 2006 Dec 19.


Chronic respiratory infections in cystic fibrosis result from CFTR channel mutations but how these impair antibacterial defense is less clear. Airway host defense depends on lactoperoxidase (LPO) that requires thiocyanate (SCN-) to function and epithelia use CFTR to concentrate SCN- at the apical surface. To test whether CFTR mutations result in impaired LPO-mediated host defense, CF epithelial SCN- transport was measured. CF epithelia had significantly lower transport rates and did not accumulate SCN- in the apical compartment. The lower CF [SCN-] did not support LPO antibacterial activity. Modeling of airway LPO activity suggested that reduced transport impairs LPO-mediated defense and cannot be compensated by LPO or H2O2 upregulation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anions / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Computer Simulation
  • Cystic Fibrosis / genetics
  • Cystic Fibrosis / immunology*
  • Cystic Fibrosis / microbiology*
  • Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator / genetics*
  • Epithelial Cells / enzymology
  • Epithelial Cells / microbiology
  • Humans
  • Ion Transport / genetics
  • Lactoperoxidase / analysis
  • Lactoperoxidase / metabolism*
  • Lung / cytology
  • Lung / microbiology
  • Models, Biological
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Thiocyanates / metabolism*


  • Anions
  • Thiocyanates
  • Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator
  • Lactoperoxidase
  • thiocyanate