Previously, based on the concept of bifunctional radiopharmaceuticals, we developed a highly stable (186)Re-mercaptoacetylglycylglycylglycine (MAG3) complex-conjugated bisphosphonate, [[[[(4-hydroxy-4,4-diphosphonobutyl)carbamoylmethyl]carbamoylmethyl]carbamoylmethyl]carbamoylmethanethiolate] oxorhenium(V) ((186)Re-MAG3-HBP), for the treatment of painful bone metastases. This agent showed a superior biodistribution as a bone-seeking agent in normal mice when compared with (186)Re-1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-diphosphonate ((186)Re-HEDP). In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic effects of (186)Re-MAG3-HBP using an animal model of bone metastasis.
Methods: The model was prepared by injecting syngeneic MRMT-1 mammary tumor cells into the left tibia of female Sprague-Dawley rats. (186)Re-MAG3-HBP (55.5, 111, or 222 MBq/kg) or (186)Re-HEDP (55.5 MBq/kg) was then administered intravenously 21 d later. To evaluate the therapeutic effects and side effects, tumor size and peripheral blood cell counts were determined. Palliation of bone pain was evaluated by a von Frey filament test.
Results: In the rats treated with (186)Re-HEDP, tumor growth was comparable with that in untreated rats. In contrast, when (186)Re-MAG3-HBP was administered, tumor growth was significantly inhibited. Allodynia induced by bone metastasis was attenuated by treatment with (186)Re-MAG3-HBP or (186)Re-HEDP, but (186)Re-MAG3-HBP tended to be more effective.
Conclusion: These results indicate that (186)Re-MAG3-HBP could be useful as a therapeutic agent for the palliation of metastatic bone pain.