An approach to prevention of infectious diseases during military deployments

Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Feb 1;44(3):424-30. doi: 10.1086/510680. Epub 2006 Dec 20.


The US military conducts missions that range from major ground combat operations to disaster and humanitarian relief efforts. A primary goal of military medical professionals is disease prevention, which can be made more difficult in the context of short preparation times and prolonged deployment duration. The military uses a 6-component approach to deployment medicine, emphasizing preparation, education, personal protective measures, vaccines, chemoprophylaxis, and surveillance in an attempt to prevent infectious diseases. Many of the components of military deployment medicine are applicable to civilian disaster relief and humanitarian missions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antibiotic Prophylaxis
  • Communicable Disease Control / methods*
  • Education
  • Humans
  • Mass Vaccination
  • Military Medicine*
  • Population Surveillance / methods*
  • Relief Work
  • Travel*
  • United States