A phylogenomic study of human, dog, and mouse

PLoS Comput Biol. 2007 Jan 5;3(1):e2. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030002. Epub 2006 Nov 20.


In recent years the phylogenetic relationship of mammalian orders has been addressed in a number of molecular studies. These analyses have frequently yielded inconsistent results with respect to some basal ordinal relationships. For example, the relative placement of primates, rodents, and carnivores has differed in various studies. Here, we attempt to resolve this phylogenetic problem by using data from completely sequenced nuclear genomes to base the analyses on the largest possible amount of data. To minimize the risk of reconstruction artifacts, the trees were reconstructed under different criteria-distance, parsimony, and likelihood. For the distance trees, distance metrics that measure independent phenomena (amino acid replacement, synonymous substitution, and gene reordering) were used, as it is highly improbable that all of the trees would be affected the same way by any reconstruction artifact. In contradiction to the currently favored classification, our results based on full-genome analysis of the phylogenetic relationship between human, dog, and mouse yielded overwhelming support for a primate-carnivore clade with the exclusion of rodents.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Evolution*
  • Chromosome Mapping / methods*
  • Dogs / genetics*
  • Humans / genetics*
  • Mice / genetics*
  • Models, Genetic*
  • Phylogeny*
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Species Specificity