Superior retinaculoplasty for recurrent dislocation of peroneal tendons

Foot Ankle Int. 2006 Dec;27(12):1074-8. doi: 10.1177/107110070602701213.


Background: Although dislocation of peroneal tendons is an uncommon injury, if it does occur, daily and sports activities may be restricted because of snapping of the tendons and pain in the posterolateral aspect of the ankle joint. Many operative procedures have been reported for this pathology, including anatomic reattachment of the retinaculum, bone block procedures, tissue-transfer procedures, and groove-deepening. However, no procedure has been established as the "gold standard." Successful results were reported after anatomic reattachment of the detached superior peroneal retinaculum and periosteum of the fibula. We have modified the procedure to reduce operative invasiveness and introduced a method to determine proper tension when suturing the retinaculum to the fibula.

Methods: In our retinaculoplasty, the false pouch was opened through one incision, and the retinaculum was sutured to the fibula while measuring the tension, avoiding too tight or too loose suturing. We performed this procedure in 20 patients with symptomatic dislocation of peroneal tendons in whom conservative treatment had failed. We followed them over 2 years, and clinical results were evaluated.

Results: No patient had re-dislocation of the peroneal tendons during the followup period. Fifteen of 18 patients who had been involved in sports activities returned to their previous activities without reducing their activity levels. All patients acquired full range of motion of the ankle joint postoperatively. The preoperative American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores improved significantly (p value < 0.01) postoperatively.

Conclusions: This study demonstrated that the described repair successfully treated patients with symptomatic dislocation of the peroneal tendon and should be considered for this pathology.

MeSH terms

  • Ankle / surgery*
  • Athletic Injuries / surgery
  • Humans
  • Recurrence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Suture Techniques
  • Tendon Injuries / surgery*
  • Tendons / pathology
  • Tendons / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome