Autoimmunity to human thyroglobulin. Respective epitopic specificity patterns of anti-human thyroglobulin autoantibodies in patients with Sjögren's syndrome and patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis

Arthritis Rheum. 1991 Dec;34(12):1585-93. doi: 10.1002/art.1780341218.


We evaluated the epitopic specificity pattern of anti-human thyroglobulin (anti-hTg) autoantibodies from patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS). All of the primary SS sera tested contained both IgG and IgM anti-hTg autoantibodies recognizing at least 1 region on hTg; in 65% of the cases, 3 or more regions were recognized. A strong recognition of region II, as is seen in Hashimoto's thyroiditis, was associated with thyroid disorder in primary SS. These results emphasize the importance of region II in autoimmune thyroid disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Autoantibodies / immunology*
  • Autoimmunity*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Epitopes / immunology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin A / analysis
  • Immunoglobulin G / analysis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / blood
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / immunology*
  • Thyroglobulin / immunology*
  • Thyroiditis, Autoimmune / blood
  • Thyroiditis, Autoimmune / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Autoantibodies
  • Epitopes
  • Immunoglobulin A
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Thyroglobulin