Background/aims: This study attempted to establish carotid ultrasound criteria for identifying stenosis of the intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA).
Methods: Two hundred and fifty-five patients were enrolled. Ultrasound measurements for common carotid artery (CCA) and ICA were as follows: flow volume (FV), peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV), pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI). The sensitivity and specificity of the ultrasound criteria for determining intracranial ICA or MCA>or=50% stenosis were calculated.
Results: The criteria identified for detecting intracranial ICA>or=50% stenosis were ICA FV<159 ml/min, ICA PSV<33 cm/s and CCA PSV<42 cm/s. When ICA PSV<33 cm/s was combined with CCA PSV<42 cm/s, sensitivity increased to 82%, with 91% specificity. The criteria identified for detecting MCA>or=50% stenosis were CCA FV<285 ml/min, ICA FV<179 ml/min, ICA PSV<33 cm/s, >35% reduction in FV in the CCA, >40% reduction in FV in ICA, and >35% reduction in PSV in ICA. When these criteria were combined, sensitivity increased to 69%, with 85% specificity.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that ultrasound criteria are sensitive and specific for detecting intracranial ICA and MCA significant obstruction.
Copyright (c) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.