"A century of civilization under the influence of eugenics": Dr. Enrique Diego Madrazo, socialism and scientific progress

Dynamis. 2006:26:221-51, table of contents.


This article discusses the thought of one of the pioneers of eugenics in Spain, Dr. Enrique Diego Madrazo. In particular, it analyses his 1930 essay Un siglo de civilización bajo la influencia eugenésica [A Century of Civilization under the Influence of Eugenics], as the most explicit work on the eugenic utopia he advocated. This work, because of its breadth, was also one of the most extensive and detailed accounts of the steps to be taken towards the eugenic society that was produced. The present analysis of his work assesses the degree to which his thought, which has been described as "utopian socialist", in fact corresponded to that epithet, given the politically authoritarian nature and the gender bias of some aspects of his one-hundred year plan for the creation of a eugenic society. The article also places Madrazo's thought in the context of his time and other national currents of eugenic thought.

Publication types

  • Biography
  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Eugenics / history*
  • Female
  • History, 20th Century
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prejudice
  • Social Class
  • Social Medicine / history
  • Spain

Personal name as subject

  • Enrique Diego Madrazo