BAD-LAMP defines a subset of early endocytic organelles in subpopulations of cortical projection neurons

J Cell Sci. 2007 Jan 15;120(Pt 2):353-65. doi: 10.1242/jcs.03316.


The brain-associated LAMP-like molecule (BAD-LAMP) is a new member of the family of lysosome associated membrane proteins (LAMPs). In contrast to other LAMPs, which show a widespread expression, BAD-LAMP expression in mice is confined to the postnatal brain and therein to neuronal subpopulations in layers II/III and V of the neocortex. Onset of expression strictly parallels cortical synaptogenesis. In cortical neurons, the protein is found in defined clustered vesicles, which accumulate along neurites where it localizes with phosphorylated epitopes of neurofilament H. In primary neurons, BAD-LAMP is endocytosed, but is not found in classical lysosomal/endosomal compartments. Modification of BAD-LAMP by addition of GFP revealed a cryptic lysosomal retention motif, suggesting that the cytoplasmic tail of BAD-LAMP is actively interacting with, or modified by, molecules that promote its sorting away from lysosomes. Analysis of BAD-LAMP endocytosis in transfected HeLa cells provided evidence that the protein recycles to the plasma membrane through a dynamin/AP2-dependent mechanism. Thus, BAD-LAMP is an unconventional LAMP-like molecule and defines a new endocytic compartment in specific subtypes of cortical projection neurons. The striking correlation between the appearance of BAD-LAMP and cortical synatogenesis points towards a physiological role of this vesicular determinant for neuronal function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Brain / cytology
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Cerebral Cortex / cytology
  • Cerebral Cortex / metabolism
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Cysteine / chemistry
  • Disulfides / chemistry
  • Dynamins / metabolism
  • Endocytosis / physiology
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins / metabolism
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins / chemistry
  • Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Lysosomes / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Neurons / cytology
  • Neurons / metabolism*
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Transfection


  • Disulfides
  • Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Dynamins
  • Cysteine